Brazil’s social movements—among them the Landless Workers’ Movement, the quilombos, and the National Movement for the Freedom of Housing—have forced deep changes across this sprawling, diverse society. Latin America’s largest country is a global economic force, a regional power, and home to much of the ecologically vital Amazon rainforests, “the lungs of the world.”

Redefining democracy in South America’s largest country
“Since the fall of the last Brazilian dictatorship in 1984, Brazil’s social movements—the MST, the quilombos, the indigenous movements, the National Movement for the Freedom of Housing (MNLM), local cooperatives, community media, and many others—have built off their rich and diverse history, redefining democracy and autonomy, and struggling in ways that have forced changes across Brazilian society.
“Brazil is diverse—composed of more than 200 indigenous tribes; the African culture of Bahia; and the German, Italian, Japanese and Eastern European descendants in the South. It is also a land of stark inequalities. In many major cities, the poor slums, or favelas, cover the hillsides overlooking glamorous neighborhoods or elite residential high-rises guarded by thick walls and expensive security. The country is home to the pristine white beaches of the Northeast, the Guarani Aquifer—one of the largest fresh water aquifers in the world—and the “lungs of the planet” in the rainforests of the Amazon.”
—Mike Fox, from his introduction to the Brazil chapter of Until the Rulers Obey


Until the Rulers Obey includes five interviews from Brazil:

Ana Hanauer / Brazil’s Landless Workers’ Movement (MST)
‘Included in our struggle for agrarian reform is also the need to develop the human being who has been excluded from everything.’
Interview and translation by Michael Fox, December 2008

Nelsa Inês Fabian Nespolo / The “We Will Overcome Cooperative of United Seamstresses” and the Solidarity Economy
‘Feeling empowered is only possible by experiencing that things are possible.’  
Interview and translation by Michael Fox, March 2009

Ana Vanesca and Pablo Cardoso / City of Plastic and the Urban Resistance Front
Interviews by Raul Zibechi, January 2010; translation by Luis Ballesteros

Eliana Sousa Silva, Brazilian activist in defense of Human Rights in Rio de Janeiro’s favelas 
‘Police actions in the favelas follow a ‘logic of war’’’
Interview conducted by Fabíola Ortiz for Inter Press Service

Raimundo Francisco Belmiro Dos Santos/ Riozinho do Anfrísio Extractive Reserve Association
‘How come people who fight for the conservation of nature lose their lives?’
Interview conducted by Fabíola Ortiz for Inter Press Service, August 2011